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Arnica (Arnica montana L.)

Parts used: dried flower heads

Constituents: sesquiterpene lactones, diterpenes, arnidiol, flavonols, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, caffeic acid, fatty acids, volatile oil

Pharmacopoeia Standard: the dried material should contain no less than 0.4 per cent m/m of total sesquiterpene lactones (helnalin tiglate).

Actions: topical anti-inflammatory

Indications: sprains, insect bites, rheumatic complaints, varicose veins

Applications: Arnica is applied topically to bruises, sprains and unbroken chilblains. The sesquiterpene lactones have an anti-inflammatory action.

Combinations: with Witch Hazel for bruises and sprains

Safety: Arnica should not be taken internally and should only be applied to unbroken skin. Contact dermatitis may occur in sensitive individuals.

Dosage: for external use only.

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Christine Haughton, MA MNIMH MCPP FRSPH

Wold Farm, West Heslerton, Malton, North Yorkshire YO17 8RY, UK

Last updated 27th November 2014     ęPurple Sage Botanicals