Catmint

Home My Blog Herb Profiles Botanical Names Glossary Treatments Recipes Other stuff HERB SHOP Books & Equipment Useful Links

Nepeta cataria (L)

Synonyms and Common names: Catnip, Catnep, Catrup, Catswort, Field balm

German = Katzenkraut, French = Cataire, Spanish = Nebeda, Italian = Cataria

Order: Labiatae

Description: An erect, shrubby herb, up to a metre tall, with whitish-green serrated ovate leaves with hairy undersides. The flowers are white to pale blue, with crimson dots, and are arranged in small tight whorls with toothed hairy sepals. The mint-like odour is much-loved by cats. It inhabits banks, waysides and waste places on calcareous soils throughout northern temperate regions.

Parts used: Leaves and flowering tops

Collection: Between June and September

Constituents: Volatile oil (including carvacrol, nepetol, thymol, nepetalactone, citronellol, geraniol and citral), bitter principle, tannins

Actions: Aromatic, carminative, spasmolytic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, antidiarrhoeal, sedative, astringent, refrigerant, digestive stimulant, gentle circulatory stimulant (although it reduces body temperature in fever), antidiarrhoeal

Indications: Nervous dyspepsia, colic in children, colds, headache, insomnia. Topically as an ointment in haemorrhoids. Specifically indicated in flatulent colic in children, and in the treatment of the common cold.

Therapeutics and Pharmacology: Nepeta is a traditional remedy for colds and flu. A powerful diaphoretic in any feverish condition, it is particularly useful where there is a feeling of congestion in the airways, sinuses or middle ear. It is also a safe remedy for the infectious diseases of childhood, such as measles. Its mild sedative action will help a restless child to sleep. As an antispasmodic carminative, it relieves dyspepsia, flatulence and colic, and is an excellent remedy for the treatment of diarrhoea in children, where its sedative action adds to its generally relaxing properties. In the USA it has been used as an enema to cleanse and heal the lower bowel.

Combinations: Nepeta may be combined with Mentha piperata in children's colic, and with Yarrow, Sambucus, Capsicum and Eupatorium perfoliatum in the common cold.

Preparation and Dosage: (thrice daily)

Regulatory Status: GSL Schedule 1

Dried herb: 2-4g or by infusion

Liquid Extract: 1:1 in 25% alcohol, 2-4ml

Tincture: 1:5 in 25% alcohol, 3-6ml

Additional Comments: In France, the leaves and young shoots of catmint are used as a seasoning. Mrs. Grieve states that the young tops, made into a conserve, can be administered for nightmares. Culpeper recommended the juice of the plant drunk with wine for bruises, the bruised leaves for haemorrhoids, and a decoction used as a shampoo for scabs and scurf. Cats are attracted to Nepeta but rats hate it. The leaves give a mild euphoria when smoked.

 

Bibliography

Bartram, T. 1995 Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine, 1st edn.,Grace Publishers, Bournemouth.

BHMA 1983 British Herbal Pharmacopoeia, BHMA, Bournemouth.

Bremness, L. 1994 Herbs, Dorling Kindersley Eyewitness Handbook, London.

Chevallier, A. 1996 The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, Dorling Kindersley, London.

Grieve, M. 1931 A Modern Herbal, (ed. C.F. Leyel 1985), London.

Hoffmann, D. 1990 The New Holistic Herbal, Second Edition, Element, Shaftesbury.

Lust, J. 1990 The Herb Book, Bantam, London.

Mabey, R. (ed.) 1991 The Complete New Herbal, Penguin, London.

Mills, S.Y. 1993 The A-Z of Modern Herbalism, Diamond Books, London.

Ody, P. 1993 The Herb Society's Complete Medicinal Herbal, Dorling Kindersley, London.

Wren, R.C. 1988 Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, C.W.Daniel, Saffron Walden.

 

Back to top

 Previous herb Back to Index Next herb


 

Contact: woldfarm@aol.com Please complete the 'Subject' heading or your email will be assumed to be spam and automatically deleted. Before you contact me, I'd be grateful if you would please check to see if this website has the answer to your question (search box at the top of the homepage) - I have time to answer only a few of the many emails that arrive in my inbox every day. See also the statement below:

For your safety I am prohibited from giving specific medical advice to individuals over the internet or telephone so please do not waste your time or mine by emailing or calling me with detailed information about your health problems - I can only undertake face-to-face consultations for what should be obvious reasons. Diagnoses cannot be made remotely, and I am unable to offer any advice or treatment until I am completely satisfied that I know what I'm dealing with!  The herb profiles and treatment suggestions on this website will help enable you to choose which herbs might be appropriate for minor ailments. For more serious or chronic conditions you should seek professional advice. This is particularly important if you are taking medication from your doctor or pharmacist, as some herbs can interact adversely with other drugs. If you would like to have a consultation with a medical herbalist then you should click here  then scroll to 'Professional Organisations' at the bottom of the page to find a qualified practitioner in your area.

Hit Counter

Christine Haughton, MA MNIMH MCPP FRSPH

Wold Farm, West Heslerton, Malton, North Yorkshire YO17 8RY, UK

Last updated 27th November 2014     ęPurple Sage Botanicals